nRF51822

nRF51822

Bluetooth low energy and 2.4GHz proprietary SoC
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Overview

Description

Product Specification

The nRF51822 is a powerful, highly flexible multiprotocol SoC ideally suited for Bluetooth® low energy and 2.4GHz ultra low-power wireless applications. The nRF51822 is built around a 32-bit ARM® Cortex™ M0 CPU with 256kB/128kB flash + 32kB/16kB RAM for improved application performance. The embedded 2.4GHz transceiver supports both Bluetooth low energy and the Nordic Gazell 2.4 GHz protocol stack which is on air compatible with the nRF24L series products from Nordic Semiconductor.

nRF51822 incorporates a rich selection of analog and digital peripherals that can interact without CPU intervention through the Programmable Peripheral Interconnect (PPI) system. A flexible 31-pin GPIO mapping scheme allows I/O like serial interfaces, PWM and quadrature demodulator to be mapped to any device pin as dictated by PCB requirements. This enables complete design flexibility associated with pin-out location and function.

nRF51822 supports Bluetooth low energy protocol stacks as well as 2.4GHz protocol stacks, including Gazell, both available as downloads. nRF51822 requires a single power supply and gives the user the option of using on chip linear regulators giving a supply range of 1.8-3.6V, a direct 1.8V mode and a on chip DC-DC buck converter giving a supply range of 2.1-3.6V. The use of the DC-DC converter can be dynamically controlled during run time and enables nRF51822 to operate at radio peak currents below 10 mA @ 3V supply (TX @ 0 dBm & RX).

nRF51 SDK provides extensive software support for both Bluetooth low energy and 2.4GHz proprietary applications.

nRF51822 is available in 6x6mm 48-pin QFN packages and 3 ultra-compact wafer-level chip-scale packages (WL-CSP).

New: nRF51822 is now available as a thin WL-CSP variant measuring 3.83mm x 3.83mm with a height profile of just 0.35mm, and is drop in compatible with regular WL-CSP devices.

nRF51822 is available in either 256kB or 128kB Flash + 32kB or 16kB RAM variants.

Nordic Semiconductor protocol stacks are known as SoftDevices. SoftDevices are pre-compiled, pre-linked binary files. SoftDevices can be programmed in nRF51 series SoCs and are downloadable from the Nordic website.

The nRF51822 supports the SoftDevices below (click on the icons for details).

 

Bluetooth low energy peripheral/broadcaster role protocol stack
Bluetooth Smart 8-link central/observer role protocol stack
Bluetooth protocol stack
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Nordic/ARM Lab-in-a-Box University Program

Features

  • Single chip, highly flexible, 2.4 GHz multi-protocol device
  • 32-bit ARM Cortex M0 CPU core
  • 256kB/128kB flash + 32kB/16kB RAM
  • Supports Bluetooth low energy protocol stacks
  • Thread safe and run-time protected
  • Event driven API
  • On air compatible with nRF24L series
  • 3 data rates (2Mbps/1Mbps/250kbps)
  • +4dBm output power
  • -93dBm sensitivity, Bluetooth low energy
  • PPI system for maximum power-efficient applications and code simplification
  • Flexible power management system with automatic power management of each peripheral
  • Configurable I/O mapping for analog and digital I/O
  • Operating temperature range: -40°C to +105°C

Applications

  • Mobile phone accessories
  • Wearables
  • Beacons
  • Rezence wireless charging monitoring
  • PC peripherals
  • Consumer Electronics (CE) remote controls
  • Proximity/Alert sensors
  • Smart Home
  • Sports, fitness and healthcare sensors
  • Smart RF tags
  • Toys and electronic games
  • Intelligent domestic appliances
  • Industrial and commercial sensors
  • Lighting

Related Products

 

Product Brief Description
nRF51 DK Development kit for Bluetooth low energy, ANT and 2.4GHz applications
nRF51 Dongle Bluetooth low energy/ANT/2.4GHz Development dongle
nRF5 SDK Software Development Kit for the nRF51 and nRF52 Series
nRF51 IoT SDK IoT Software Development Kit (SDK) for applications using IPv6 over Bluetooth low energy
nRF51 HomeKit SDK Software Development Kit for HomeKit solutions
nRF51824 Automotive grade Bluetooth low energy SoC
nRF51422 Multiprotocol ANT/Bluetooth low energy SoC
nRFready Smart Remote 3 for nRF51 Series Advanced Bluetooth low energy enabled remote control reference design with voice input
nRF Sniffer Low cost Bluetooth low energy packet sniffer

Ordering codes

SPECIFICATION

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  • Ultra low power consumption
  • 6.3mA - TX at -4dBm (3V using on-chip DC-DC)
  • 8.0mA - TX at 0dBm (3V using on-chip DC-DC)
  • 11.8mA – TX at +4dBm (3V using on-chip DC-DC)
  • 9.7mA – RX (3V using on-chip DC-DC)
  • 13mA – RX at 1Mbps (No DC-DC)
  • 10.5mA – TX at 0dBm (No DC-DC)
  • 0.6µA – SYSTEM-OFF, no RAM retention
  • 1.2µA - SYSTEM-OFF, 8KB RAM retention
  • 2.6µA - SYSTEM-ON, All peripherals in idle mode

 

2.4GHz Multi-protocol Radio

  • +4dBm to -20dBm output power in 4dBm steps
  • -30dBm output power in whisper mode
  • -96dBm RX sensitivity at 250kbs
  • -90dBm RX sensitivity at 1Mbps
  • -85dBm RX sensitivity at 2Mbps
  • 2 Mbps, 1 Mbps and 250kbs supported data rates
  • Excellent co-existence performance

 

CPU

  • 32-bit ARM® Cortex™ M0 32-bit CPU

 

Memory

  • 256/128KB embedded flash
  • 32KB/16KB RAM

 

System Peripherals

  • 3 x 16/24-bit timers with counter mode
  • 16 channel CPU independent Programmable Peripheral Interconnect (PPI)
  • Encryption -128-bit AES ECB/CCM/AAR co-processor
  • RNG
  • RTC
  • Temperature sensor

 

GPIO

  • Flexible GPIO pin configuration
  • 31 GPIO
  • Up to 4 PWM

 

Digital I/O

  • Digital interfaces -SPI Master/Slave, 2-wire, UART
  • Quadrature decoder

 

Analog I/O

  • 8/9/10 bit ADC - 8 configurable channels
  • Low power comparator

 

Oscillators

  • 16MHz XO
  • 16MHz RCOSC
  • 32MHx XO
  • 32kHz XO
  • 32kHz RCOSC

 

Power Management

  • Wide supply voltage range (1.8v to 3.6V)
  • Flexible power management scheme
  • On-chip DC/DC converter
  • 600nA @ 3V OFF mode
  • 2.6µA @ 3V ON mode, all blocks in idle mode
  • 1.2µA @ 3V OFF mode + 1 region RAM retention

 

Reference Designs

 

nRF51822 is supported by the following reference designs

Part # Brief description
nRF51822-Beacon nRF51822 Bluetooth Smart Beacon Kit
nRFready Smart Remote 2 Multi-Protocol Advanced Navigation Remote Control Reference Design
nRFready Desktop 2 Combined Bluetooth low energy (including Bluetooth Smart) and proprietary 2.4GHz wireless mouse and keyboard combo reference design
Development Tools and Software

 

Nordic offers a range of HW and SW tools you can leverage to get you started evaluating and developing applications on your chosen nRF51 Series device. Please use the links below to learn more about the development tools and software that are available from Nordic and 3rd parties.

 

Nordic Hardware

 

The nRF51 Series development hardware is provided by the nRF51 DK development kit and the nRF51 Dongle. The nRF51 DK and nRF51 Dongle covers the nRF51822 and nRF51422 SoCs and supports Bluetooth Smart, ANT and 2.4GHz proprietary SW development. In addition you may download the recommended nRF51 reference layouts from the download tab on this page.

 

nRF51 DK

The nRF51 DK is a versatile single-board development kit offering access to all nRF51 Series IO through an Arduino UNO compatible socket or standard pin headers. nRF51 DK supports programming and debugging through both Jlink (Segger OB) and Mbed.
nRF51 DK 3D

For more information and relevant downloads, check out the nRF51 DK product page.

 

nRF51 Dongle

The nRF51 Dongle is a small USB dongle that have the same program and debug capabilities as the nRF51 DK. It's prime purpose is to interact with PC based development tools and utilities from Nordic that enables it to be used as a peer device for your prototype, a sniffer to monitor on air traffic or indeed as an ultra small development board in itself.
nRF Dongle_both sides

For more information and relevant downloads, check out the nRF51 Dongle product page

 

Reference layouts

Since the nRF51 Series devices all are SoCs for wireless communication, the quality of the PCB layout is of outmost importance to ensure good radio performance. Official nRF51 reference layouts can be found on the download tab of this page, and please do follow them closely to avoid dissapointments when testing or qualifying your product.

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3rd Party Hardware

 

A number of 3rd party companies have made both complementary components as well as HW solutions based on nRF51 Series devices. Utilising these products may simplify your nRF51 development as well as production.

 

3rd Party Board

Manufacturer Product Brief Description
WaveTek BLE WT51822-ABS BLE WT51822-ABS Bluetooth Smart shield for Arduino

Integrated Baluns

If you don't want to take on the job of making and tuning an antenna match with discrete passive components, please find nRF51 compatible integrated antenna baluns from the following vendors here:

 

3rd Party Matching Baluns

Manufacturer Product Brief Description
Cyntec TBL-1411-245-LR 2.45GHz Thin film Balun for nRF51x22-CxAx
Johnson Technology 2450BM08B0003 Impedance Matched Balun Filter for nRF51x22-CxAx
Johnson Technology 2450BM14E0003 Impedance Matched Balun Filter for nRF51x22-QFAx
Murata LFB182G45BG7D948 Impedance Matched Balun Filter for nRF51x22-CxAx (Consumer grade)
Murata LFB182G45BG7V948 Impedance Matched Balun Filter for nRF51x22-CxAx (Industrial grade)
STMicroelectronics BAL-NRF02D3 50 ohm integrated balun for nRF51x22-CxAx
STMicroelectronics BALF-NRF01E3 50 ohm integrated balun for nRF51x22-QFAA and nRF51x22-QFAC

 

3rd Party Modules

You may find a wide range of pre-qualified modules based on nRF51 Series devices on our 3rd Party Module page if you don't want to spend time on the Radio design work and NRE costs to qualify a design for Bluetooth Smart and teleregulatory authorities (FCC, ETESI, MIC, TELEC).

 

SOFTWARE

 

By using nRF51 Series devices you get free access to pre-qualified Bluetooth Smart as well as ANT protocol stacks for use in your applications along with extensive libraries and application examples.

The software are split in two major parts: SoftDevices containing wireless protocol stacks; and the nRF51 Software Development Kit (SDK) forming a common application code base for all nRF51 devices.

 

SoftDevices

A SoftDevice is precompiled and linked binary software, implementing a wireless protocol. While it is software, you as an application developer have minimal compile-time dependence on its features. The unique hardware and software support framework, in which it executes, provides run-time isolation and determinism in its behavior. These characteristics make the interface comparable to a hardware peripheral abstraction with a functional, programmatic interface.

The SoftDevice Application Program Interface (API) is available to applications as a high-level programming language interface, for example, a C header file.

Please find documentation as well as all available Softdevices, for free download, on the download tab of this page.

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nRF51 SDK

The nRF51 Software Development Kit (SDK) is your starting point for software development on the nRF51 Series. It contains source code libraries and example applications covering :

  • Wireless as well as application examples
  • Bluetooth Smart and ANT+ profiles
  • Nordic’s 2.4GHz proprietary stack Gazell
  • Libraries for all nRF51 peripherals
  • Bootloaders
  • Wired as well as Over the Air (OTA) FW upgrades
  • Selected RTOS examples
  • Serialization libraries of Nordic SoftDevices

 

The nRF51 SDK is built on the ARM® CMSIS standard and supports the following SW development tool chains:

 

nRF51 SDK is available on the download tab of this page.

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Tools

 

In order to aid your product development with programming and test/debug, Nordic also offers a range of tools enabling you to interact with and monitor prototype/product:

Tools Description
nRFgo Studio PC tool allowing device programming and Radio performance tests on nRF51.
Master Control Panel

An peer device emulator that allows you to connect to, monitor and interact directly with the bluetooth services in your product. This is a great tool to check if your product identifies itself and its capabilities the correct way as well as testing how it responds to correct as well as incorrect actions in the peer device.

MCP is an application for Windows PC’s (using the nRF51-Dongle).

nRF Master Control Panel

A powerful generic tool that allows you to scan and explore your Bluetooth Smart devices and communicate with them.

nRF MCP is an application on Android.

ANTware A peer device emulator for the ANT protocol running on PC’s with the nRF51-Dongle. This is a great tool to check if your product identifies itself and its capabilities the correct way as well as how it responds to correct as well as incorrect actions in the peer device.
nRF Sniffer

If the communication with a 3 party Bluetooth Smart Ready peer doesn’t work as intended, the nRF Sniffer enables you to monitor all the on air traffic between you and the peer through link establishment, security negotiations to exchange of data.

Often the only way to find where communication breaks down, and logs from this tool will often be the first thing our support engineers will ask for if you enter a support case/request on MyPage regarding communication problems.

nRF51-BLE-Driver Windows dll linking the MCP with the nRF51 Dongle. Presents an API similar to our SoftDevices for a PC application, making it ideal to make your own PC based test and demo tools.
nRFjprog (part of nRF51 toolset installer) Command line utility enabling programming of nRF51 devices through Jlink programmers/debuggers.
Mergehex (part of nRF51 toolset installer) Since the Nordic SoftDevices comes as precompiled hex files, when adding your own application, you will have (at least) 2 hex files to program into an nRF51 in your production line. Some industrial programmers can’t handle this and mergehex is a command line utility enabling you to combine multiple hex files into one for these programmers.
JlinkARM (part of nRF51 toolset installer) Driver for jlink debuggers

Please find these tools on the download tab of this page.

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Mobile Apps

 

Your products are of course likely to communicate with a mobile device or computer, indeed that may be the sole purpose of it. To enable this you will need to interact with the wireless stacks and features in the installed OS’s themselves or an APP installed on top of these OS’s.

To facilitate this part of the development, Nordic has a range of application examples and tools for all the main mobile operating systems. Please visit our Mobile Apps page to get started with your mobile device SW development.

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Legacy nRF51 development tools:

Not recommended for new designs.

Product Brief Description
nRF51822-mKIT ARM mbed Evaluation Kit using nRF51822 SoC (not recommended for new designs)
nRF51822 DK nRFgo Development Kit for nRF51822 (not recommended for new designs)
nRF51822 EK nRFgo Evaluation Kit for nRF51822 (not recommended for new designs)
Download

 

SoftDevices
Nordic Semiconductor protocol stacks are known as SoftDevices.SoftDevices are pre-compiled, pre-linked binary files. SoftDevices can be programmed in nRF5 series devices, and are freely downloadable from the Nordic website.

SoftDevices

Code Name Version
S110-SD-v5 S110 nRF51822 SoftDevice (Production ready) 5.2.1
S110-SD-v6 S110 nRF51822 SoftDevice (Production ready) 6.2.1
S110-SD-v7 S110 nRF51822 SoftDevice (Production ready) 7.3.0
S110-SD-v8 S110 nRF51 SoftDevice (Production ready) 8.0.0
S120-SD-v1 S120 nRF51822 SoftDevice v1.0.1 (Production ready) 1.0.1
S120-SD-v2 S120 nRF51 SoftDevice (Production ready) 2.1.0
S130-SD
S130 nRF51 Series SoftDevice (production ready) 1.0.0
S130-SD-v2 S130 nRF51 SoftDevice 2.0.1

 

Software Development Kit
Nordic Semiconductor's Software Development Kits (SDK) are your starting point for software development on the nRF51 and nRF52 Series. It contains source code libraries and example applications covering wireless functions, libraries for all peripherals, bootloaders, Wired and OTA FW upgrades, RTOS examples, serialization libraries and more.

Software Development Kit

Code Name Version
nRF5-SDK-zip nRF5 SDK Zip File 11.0.0

 

PC software
To aid your product development, Nordic also offers a range of tools enabling you to interact with and monitor your product

Software

Code Name Version
nRF-Connect-OS-X nRF Connect tar.gz archive for OS X 1.0.0
nRF-Connect-Ubuntu-Linux nRF Connect tar.gz archive for Ubuntu Linux 64-bit 1.0.0
nRF-Connect-Windows nRF Connect installer for Windows 1.0.0
nRF-MCP-x64 Master Control Panel with Master Emulator API (64-bit) 3.10.0
nRF-MCP-x86 Master Control Panel with Master Emulator API (32-bit) 3.10.0
nRF-Sniffer nRF Sniffer (First Production release) - PC Software and Device Firmware that allow you to see all Bluetooth low energy packets on the air between two devices. 1.0.1
nRF51-BLE-Driver-Linux nRF51 Bluetooth Smart GATT/GAP Driver for Linux. Used to set up and interact with BLE on an nRF51 device with connectivity firmware and SoftDevice 0.5.0
nRF51-BLE-Driver-OSX nRF51 Bluetooth Smart GATT/GAP Driver for OSX. Used to set up and interact with BLE on an nRF51 device with connectivity firmware and SoftDevice. 0.5.0
nRF51-BLE-Driver-Win nRF51 Bluetooth Smart GATT/GAP Driver for Windows. Used to set up and interact with BLE on an nRF51 device with connectivity firmware and SoftDevice. 0.5.0
nRF51-IoT-SDK-zip nRF51 IoT SDK Zip File 0.8.0
nRF5x-Command-Line-Tools-Linux32 nRF5x toolset tar for Linux 32-bit (nrfjprog and mergehex) 9.0.0
nRF5x-Command-Line-Tools-Linux64 nRF5x toolset tar for Linux 64-bit (nrfjprog and mergehex) 9.0.0
nRF5x-Command-Line-Tools-OSX nRF5x toolset tar for OSX (nrfjprog and mergehex) 9.0.0
nRF5x-Command-Line-Tools-Win32 nRF5x toolset installer for Windows (JLinkARM, JLink CDC, nRFjprog, and mergehex) 9.0.0
nRF5x-MDK-GCC nRF5x MDK for Gcc. 8.7.1
nRF5x-MDK-IAR nRF5x MDK for IAR Embedded Workbench. 8.7.1
nRF5x-MDK-Keil4 nRF5x MDK for Keil4 and Keil5 compatibility version. 8.7.1
nRF5x-MDK-Pack nRF5x MDK pack. 8.7.1
nRF5x-Pynrfjprog Python binding for nrfjprog.dll. Only usable in 32 bit Python 2.7, 3.4, and 3.5, in Windows, Linux and OSX. 9.0.0
nRFgo Studio-Win32 Software tool for nRFgo Starter Kit and Development Kits for 32-bit (x86) Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7, and Windows 8 1.21.2
nRFgo Studio-Win64 Software tool for nRFgo Starter Kit and Development Kits for 64-bit (x64) Windows Vista, Windows 7, and Windows 8 1.21.2
raspbian-kernel-zip Raspbian kernel for Raspberry Pi 3.17.4